In this article you will find out about the theory behind what are chakras for beginners, the function of chakras, the meaning of the seven chakras (their location and color), balancing and visualizing the chakras and so on. Some think that chakras for beginners can be hard to understand. Therefore, all of the information in this guide is easy to comprehend so that even beginners can understand chakras.
What are Chakras For Beginners?
A chakra is a Sanskrit word which means “vortex”, “wheel”, “disk” or “circle of life” and according to Yogic, Tantric and Buddhist philosophies, they represent the infinite rotation of energy.
There are 7 main chakras in the human body, namely: the Crown, the Third Eye, the Throat, the Heart, the Solar Plexus, the Sacral, and the Root.
Chakras are the main energy points in the human body. Moreover, the so called, spinning wheel of electric energy are of different colors that perform various functions which connect the energy fields, light energy and the spiritual powers in the human body.
They are believed to be part of the subtle body, that is, beyond the physical layer and as such, they are the meeting points of the non-physical energy channels called Nadi – which can be translated as tube, channel or flow-.
There are 72,000 nadis in the body where life energy flows and meet at certain junctions.
However, there are 3 main nadis namely:
- Ida Nadi (Left channel): it starts in the root chakra, flows to the left in and out of chakras and ends in the left nostril. It represents mental energy.
- Pingala Nadi (Right channel): it starts at the root chakra, flows to the right in and out of chakras in a symmetric way to the ida nadi and ends in the right nostril. It is the origin of Prana- the life energy.
- Sushumna Nadi (Central Channel): it flows straight up the spine through chakras from just below the root chakra to the crown chakra. It represents spiritual awareness.
There are 114 junction points where these nadis meet. Among those are 7 major junctions and they are referred to as the 7 main Chakras of the body. These seven vital chakras are the power center. Each of these has its role in aligning the backbone- beginning from the base of the spine to the crown of the head.
Functions of Chakras:
Chakras act as valves to stabilize the flow of energy through the human energy system. One opens and closes those valves when one decides what to think, what to feel and how one chooses to experience the world.
How the chakras function reflects the decisions we make about how we decide to react to the circumstances in our life.
There are mainly two functions of chakras:
The physiological functions
i) the Root (aka Muladhara) and Sacral Chakras (aka Svadhishthana) are related to reproductive and sexual functions.
ii) The Solar Plexus Chakra (aka Manipura) is related to digestion, pancreas and adrenals.
iii) The Heart Chakra (aka Anahata) is related to the heart, circulation, and thymus.
iv) The Throat Chakra (aka Vishuddha) is related to the lungs, voice, ears, nose, throat and thyroid.
v) The Third Eye Chakra (aka Ajna) is related to the eyes and pituitary gland.
vi) The Crown Chakra (aka Sahasrara) is related to the brain, the pituitary, and pineal gland.
The psychological functions
i) the 3 lower chakras (root, sacral and solar plexus) are related to our natural emotions and biological drives from sexual desire and hunger to passion, anger, pleasure, joy and other somewhat simple emotions.
ii) the 4 higher chakras are related to higher mental states:
> the heart chakra – compassion and understanding
>the throat chakra – vocals, hearing, and communication
>the third eye chakra – the ability to distinct and understanding
>the crown chakra – understanding, comprehension and is related to the unified nature of the mind
Location and color of each of the 7 Chakras
- The Root Chakra (Red) is located at the genitals on the front of the body and at the base of the spine.
- The Sacral Chakra (Orange) is in the lower abdomen and at the first lumbar vertebra in the spinal column
- The Solar Plexus (Yellow) is located right above the navel below the center breast bone and at the 8th thoracic vertebra of the spine.
- The Heart Chakra (Green) is in the center of the breastbone and at the 1st thoracic vertebra between and below the shoulder blades.
- The Throat Chakra (Blue) is in the front at the base of the neck and at the 3rd cervical vertebra of the spine at the base of the skull.
- The Third Eye Chakra (Purple/Indigo) is just above and between the eyes and at the 1st cervical vertebra of the spine.
- The Crown Chakra (White/light purple) is at the top of the head, slightly to the back.
How to visualize a chakra within the body and how to balance them?
Each energy point of a Chakra is linked to a location, an element, color, emotion, mantra, etc. For example, the Anahata (the heart chakra) is situated at the center of the breastbone and at the back between and below the shoulder blades. It is associated with the color green and the emotion of empathy and understanding.
First of all, you will have to locate the chakra. Thus, when you meditate it is important to visualize the chakra within the body and to focus on its location. Hence visualisation becomes better and stronger the more you meditate on the chakra.
It is balanced and healed through conscious awareness, meditation, visualization and yoga practice. Therefore, chakras stones can be very helpful to meditate.
Physical exercises to boost your chakras for beginners:
Physical exercises, such as yoga and strength training, can help clear out the first three chakras. For your first chakra poses such as the reclining bound angle pose, corpse pose and child’s pose are helpful as they promote submission to the earth.
Second chakra yoga poses, like cow face pose and pigeon pose improve your adaptability and openness. Any exercise that strengthens the core will help open your third chakra.
Breathing through your lower abdomen helps to open the third chakra, thus, keep your focus on this form of breathing when exercising or practicing yoga.
It involves focusing on different chakras and opening them up through breathing and meditation. This helps the energy to flow through the chakras easily. To be able to properly focus and open up the chakra, you will need to visualize it. First of all visualization is easier when using the colors associated to each chakra.
For example, start by sitting comfortably, close your eyes and concentrate on your breathing. To be able to put all your attention on your root chakra, visualize it as being a red ball of energy spinning clockwise at the genitals and at the base of the spine.
The crystal/stone method:
As the name itself indicates, this method involves the use of crystals to bring balance the chakras. Each chakra has a specific crystal associated to it, for example, the color for the crown chakra is purple or white, therefore stones like;
Amethyst or clear quartz are perfect to bring the system into balance. This method is performed by holding the crystal or stone directly over the chakra for about 5 minutes.
These are meditative sounds and frequencies that help to balance all seven chakras. For instance, The Awakened Alpha Chakra Suite is great for beginners to start with as it takes you into a deep meditative state known as the alpha level. This is where the person is left relaxed and centered as the waves move from the root to the crown.
Another example is The Enlightened Gamma Chakra Suite. At this gamma (elevated) level, the brainwaves are raised rather than being lowered. The person is left feeling focused and alert with a calm mind.
The Theta Healing Chakra Suite is the second deepest level of meditation after the alpha level. It opens up the subconscious mind of the person which helps with the generation of ideas and inspiration. The beat follows the same flow from the root to the crown; however, it has its deepest level of meditation at the heart chakra.
The Deep Delta Chakra Suite is a level of deep sleep and deep dreaming. It helps to revitalize the body.
“The Chakra is a doorway. These are doorways that lead you into other dimensions. But you have to focus on them to the exclusion of everything else.” – Frederick Lenz
Now that you’ve got an overall idea of what are chakras for beginners, let’s take an in-depth view of the seven major chakras. Next, we are going to explore the Root Chakra.